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Theta and Gamma Power Increases and Alpha/Beta Power Decreases with Memory Load in an Attractor Network Model
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computational Biology, CB.
2010 (English)In: Journal of cognitive neuroscience, ISSN 0898-929X, E-ISSN 1530-8898, Vol. 23, no 10, 3008-3020 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Changes in oscillatory brain activity are strongly correlated with performance in cognitive tasks and modulations in specific frequency bands are associated with working memory tasks. Mesoscale network models allow the study of oscillations as an emergent feature of neuronal activity. Here we extend a previously developed attractor network model, shown to faithfully reproduce single-cell activity during retention and memory recall, with synaptic augmentation. This enables the network to function as a multi-item working memory by cyclic reactivation of up to six items. The reactivation happens at theta frequency, consistently with recent experimental findings, with increasing theta power for each additional item loaded in the network's memory. Furthermore, each memory reactivation is associated with gamma oscillations. Thus, single-cell spike trains as well as gamma oscillations in local groups are nested in the theta cycle. The network also exhibits an idling rhythm in the alpha/beta band associated with a noncoding global attractor. Put together, the resulting effect is increasing theta and gamma power and decreasing alpha/beta power with growing working memory load, rendering the network mechanisms involved a plausible explanation for this often reported behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 23, no 10, 3008-3020 p.
Keyword [en]
LONG-TERM POTENTIATION, SINGLE-NEURON ACTIVITY, MEDIAL TEMPORAL-LOBE, WORKING-MEMORY, PHASE-LOCKING, INTRACELLULAR-RECORDINGS, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, PYRAMIDAL CELLS, VISUAL-CORTEX, OSCILLATIONS
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39538DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_00029ISI: 000294055600030Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84860390338OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39538DiVA: diva2:440431
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR-621-2004-3807Swedish eā€Science Research Center
Available from: 2011-09-12 Created: 2011-09-12 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Herman, Pawel

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