A study of combustion and emission formation characteristics during production engine transients using optical diagnostics
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part D, journal of automobile engineering, ISSN 0954-4070, Vol. 225, no D9, 1290-1303 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In order to identify some of the special combustion and emission formation phenomena that occur in a turbocharged heavy-duty diesel engine during transient operation, the transient strategy of a production engine has been characterized at four different engine speeds. From each transient some points have been selected for further investigation by recreating these load points as steady-state points in a single-cylinder engine. This allows the emissions to be measured with a high degree of accuracy. An endoscope which makes it possible to evaluate flame temperatures was used in both engines. An empirically derived method of calculating nitric oxide (NO) formation from a combination of measured flame temperature, calculated gas temperature, and heat release rate has been developed and applied. This provides an increased understanding of combustion and emission formation phenomena during transient operation. An optical engine was also used to provide a full combustion chamber view for some of the operating points, and a specially developed software was used to calculate temperature distributions based on high-speed camera colour information. The NO formation formula was applied on these images, which resulted in spatially resolved NO formation distributions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 225, no D9, 1290-1303 p.
diesel engine transients, NO formation, optical diagnostics, two-colour method
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39535DOI: 10.1177/0954407011407143ISI: 000294265300013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80054987713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39535DiVA: diva2:440760
QC 201109132011-09-132011-09-122011-09-13Bibliographically approved