Invandringen av kvinnor till Sverige från Finland, Norge och Västtyskland 1945–1960: Om push- och pull-faktorer
2011 (Swedish)In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 77, no 1, 104-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the second half of the 194os, women made up more than 50 per cent of all immigrants to Sweden, a proportion that had fallen slightly to just under so per cent by 1960. Given that these women, despite their numerical strength, seem to be invisible in Swedish immigration history, there is thus every reason to analyse immigration to Sweden in 1945-1960 more closely. The purpose of the present study is to analyse the immigration of women to Sweden from Finland, Norway, and West Germany in the years immediately following the Second World War. The study found that the reasons why people chose to immigrate to Sweden in this period went beyond the factors usually mentioned: labour demand and high, and rising, real wages in Sweden (the pull factors), and high levels of unemployment in their home countries (the push factor). Swedish-speaking Finns' sense of insecurity in post-war Finland, Finland's reparations, and the fear of being Sovietized in all probability influenced people's willingness to emigrate. This was true not only of the men, but also the women. It can be inferred that many of the Norwegian women who moved to Sweden up to the early 1950s were tysketoser,"German girls". In bomb-wrecked Germany, full-scale food rationing was in place until the end of the 1940s, and there were shortages of almost everything. Thanks to the good offices of Sweden's National Labour Market Board, 10,000 German refugee women were ferried across to join the Swedish labour market as domestic servants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 77, no 1, 104-133 p.
immigration, women, labour demand, causes of migration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39533ISI: 000294099300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39533DiVA: diva2:441153