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The effects of noise and gender on children's episodic and semantic memory
KTH, Superseded Departments, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 45, no 5, 407-416 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main objectives in the present study were to examine meaningful irrelevant speech and road traffic noise effects on episodic and semantic memory, and to evaluate whether gender differences in memory performance interact with noise. A total of 96 subjects, aged 13-14 years (n= 16 boys and 16 girls in each of three groups), were randomly assigned to a silent or two noise conditions. Noise effects found were restricted to impairments from meaningful irrelevant speech on recognition and cued recall of a text in episodic memory and of word comprehension in semantic memory. The obtained noise effect suggests that the meaning of the speech were processed semantically by the pupils, which reduced their ability to comprehend a text that also involved processing of meaning. Meaningful irrelevant speech was also assumed to cause a poorer access to the knowledge base in semantic memory. Girls outperformed boys in episodic and semantic memory materials, but these differences did not interact with noise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 45, no 5, 407-416 p.
Keyword [en]
noise, meaningful irrelevant speech, road traffic noise, episodic and semantic memory, gender, children
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40329DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00422.xISI: 000224906700006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-8644286145OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-40329DiVA: diva2:441232
Note
QC 20110915Available from: 2011-09-15 Created: 2011-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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