Ab-initio description of mono-vacancies in metals and alloys
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Trough the following pages a comprehensive study of open structures will be shown, including mono-vacancy calculations and open surfaces. These are electronic structure calculations using density functional theory within the exact muffin tin method.
First we investigate the accuracy of five common density functional approximations for the theoretical description of the formation energy of mono-vacancies in three closepacked metals. Besides the local density approximation (LDA), we consider two generalized gradient approximation developed by Perdew and co-workers (PBE and PBEsol) and two gradient-level functionals obtained within the subsystem functional approach (AM05 and LAG). As test cases, we select aluminium, nickel and copper, all of them adopting the face centered cubic crystallographic structure.
This investigation is followed by a performance comparison of the three common gradientlevel exchange-correlation functionals for metallic bulk, surface and vacancy systems. We find that approximations which by construction give similar results for the jellium surface, show large deviations for realistic systems. The particular charge density and density gradient dependence of the exchange-correlation energy densities is shown to be the reason behind the obtained differences. Our findings confirm that both the global (total energy) and the local (energy density) behavior of the exchange-correlation functional should be monitored for a consistent functional design.
Last we show the vacancy formation energies of paramagnetic Fe-Cr-Ni alloys as a function of chemical composition. The theoretical predictions obtained for homogeneous chemistry and relaxed nearest-neighbors are in line with the experimental observation. In particular, Ni is found to decrease and Cr increase the vacancy formation energy of the ternary system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , vii, 36 p.
National CategoryMetallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40448ISBN: 978-91-7501-055-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-40448DiVA: diva2:441313
2011-09-09, Sal N111, Hall 1, Brinellvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Mattsson, Ann E.
Vitos, Levente, Professor
QC 201109292011-09-292011-09-152011-10-06Bibliographically approved
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