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"Touching up" Communal Space of a Residential home set-ting.: A Comparative Study of Tools for Assessing Changes in the Interior Architectural Space
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Design. (ArcPlan forskargrupp Arkitekturskolan, KTH.)
2011 (English)In: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 25, no 2, 175-216 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focuses on the interior remodeling of two Swedish residential homes for dependent seniors. A regular maintenance operation was turned into a color intervention project, and the residents stayed during the process. The aim of the study was to assess the changes in terms of supportiveness for elderly individuals with cognitive or functional impairments. The settings were evaluated prior to and after remodeling. Architecture profession method and the Therapeutic Environment Screening Survey of Nursing Homes instrument were used. The conclusion is that a supportive architecture was not achieved, due to a restraining focus on color instead of the relation between aging, color, and homeliness. On the other hand, the architecture profession method and the Therapeutic Environment  Screening Survey of Nursing Homes instrument proved to be useful complementary tools for assessing interior changes in architectural space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge , 2011. Vol. 25, no 2, 175-216 p.
Keyword [en]
interior remodeling, maintenance, residential home, architecture, TESS-NH
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40482DOI: 10.1080/02763893.2011.571085Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79957861528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-40482DiVA: diva2:441439
Note
QC 20110920Available from: 2011-09-16 Created: 2011-09-16 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Architecture and Ageing: On the Interaction between Frail Older People and the Built Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Architecture and Ageing: On the Interaction between Frail Older People and the Built Environment
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis deals with the type of architecture that materializes when age-related problems become a long-term condition (LTC) and gradually restrain the individual’s ability to perform activities in daily life (ADL). Their life situation necessitates a support from relatives or municipal eldercare staff in order for them to continue to participate in everyday living. In addition, the architectural space requires a close adjustment to the personal panorama of cognitive or functional impairments. The habitat can be a flat appropriated many years previously or in a residential care home for dependent and frail seniors. Architecture for ageing with dependency demonstrates how space can be used either to affirm or oppress the older person’s attempts to maintain an independent life style. By use of design theory, case study methodology and a heterogeneous research strategy, this study uses a threefold approach—a retrospective, a contemporaneous, and a future-oriented approach—to explore frail older people’s interaction with the architectural space of residential care homes. This has resulted in seven papers that focus on aspects of these human interactions with the built environment. Based on twelve exemplary models, the research paper I concludes that national guidelines result in a homelike, a hotel-like or a hospital-like environment. Research paper II is a retrospective study that examines the use of architecture competitions as a socio-political instrument to define architectural guidelines. Research paper III focuses on dependent seniors’ spatial appropriation of the communally shared space of a ward in a residential care home. Research paper IV employs two environmental assessment methods from the architecture profession and gerontological research (TESS-NH) in order to evaluate the use of interior colouring when refurbishing two residential care homes while the residents remained in place. Research paper V displays a municipal organizer’s considerations to opt for an architecture competition as a means of renewing architecture for the ageing population. Research paper VI examines competition documentation of three municipal architecture competitions organized during the period of 2006 to 2009. Research paper VII, the final study, explores notions concerning the appropriate space for ageing found among a group of municipal representatives, and people from organizations defending older people’s right. It supplies a model for understanding the appropriate space for ageing. This study illustrates the absence of older people with frailties in the public discussion about appropriate architecture for ageing. During the 20th century, the multi-dimensional idea of an architectural space with a homelike appearance has been used to contrast the negatively charged opposite—the complete and austere institution. The overarching conclusion of this study is that architecture for dependent and frail seniors constitutes a particular type of built space that requires an extended dialogue involving dependent seniors, architects, building contractors and care planners in order to conceive appropriate architecture for the ageing society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: E-print AB, 2011. viii, 186 p.
Series
Trita-ARK. Akademisk avhandling, ISSN 1402-7461 ; 2011:3
Keyword
residential care home architecture, architecture competition, user values and planning considerations, appropriate space for ageing, homelikeness, societal building
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40483 (URN)
Public defence
2011-10-12, F3, Lindstedtsväg 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20110921Available from: 2011-09-21 Created: 2011-09-16 Last updated: 2011-09-21Bibliographically approved

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