Influence of Age on Peripheral Ocular Aberrations
2011 (English)In: Optometry and Vision Science, ISSN 1040-5488, E-ISSN 1538-9235, Vol. 88, no 9, 1088-1098 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose. To compare peripheral lower and higher order aberrations across the horizontal (+/- 40 degrees) and inferior (-20 degrees) visual fields in healthy groups of young and old emmetropes. Methods. We have measured off-axis aberrations in the groups of 30 younger (24 +/- 3 years) and 30 older (58 +/- 5 years) emmetropes. The aberrations of OD were measured using the COAS-HD VR Shack-Hartmann aberrometer in 10 degrees steps to +/- 40 degrees horizontally and -20 degrees inferiorly in the visual field. The aberrations were quantified with Zernike polynomials for a 4 mm pupil diameter. The second-order aberration coefficients were converted to their respective refraction components (M, J(45), and J(180)). Mixed between-within subjects, analysis of variance were used to determine whether there were significant differences in the refraction and aberration components for the between-subjects variable age and the within-subjects variable eccentricity. Results. Peripheral refraction components were similar in both age groups. Among the higher order coefficients, horizontal coma (C(3)(1)) and spherical aberration (C(4)(0)) varied mostly between the groups. Coma increased linearly with eccentricity, at a more rapid rate in the older group than in the younger group. Spherical aberration was more positive in the older group compared with the younger group. Higher order root mean square increased more rapidly with eccentricity in the older group. Conclusions. Like the axial higher order aberrations, the peripheral higher order aberrations of emmetropes increase with age, particularly coma and spherical aberration.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 88, no 9, 1088-1098 p.
peripheral aberrations, off-axis refraction, aging, COAS-HD VR
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39509DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e3182234630ISI: 000294281600009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80052457355OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39509DiVA: diva2:442902