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Potential low-temperature application and hybrid-ionic conducting property of ceria-carbonate composite electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. (Fuel cell)
Chemical engineering and technology. (Carbon and battery)
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2011 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, Vol. 36, no 16, 9987-9993 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ceria-carbonate composite materials have been widely investigated as candidate electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells operated at 300-600 degrees C. However, fundamental studies on the composite electrolytes are still in the early stages and intensive research is demanded to advance their applications. In this study, the crystallite structure, microstructure, chemical activity, thermal expansion behavior and electrochemical properties of the samaria doped ceria-carbonate (SCC) composite have been investigated. Single cells using the SCC composite electrolyte and Ni-based electrodes were assembled and their electrochemical performances were studied. The SCC composite electrolyte exhibits good chemical compatibility and thermal-matching with Ni-based electrodes. Peak power density up to 916 mW cm(-2) was achieved at 550 degrees C, which was attributed to high electrochemical activity of both electrolyte and electrode materials. A stable discharge plateau was obtained under a current density of 1.5 A cm(-2) at 550 degrees C for 120 min. In addition, the ionic conducting property of the SCC composite electrolyte was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique. It was found that the hybrid-ionic conduction improves the total ionic conductivity and fuel cell performance. These results highlight potential low-temperature application of ceria-carbonate composite electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 36, no 16, 9987-9993 p.
Keyword [en]
Solid oxide fuel cells, Composite electrolyte, Compatibility, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Hybrid-ionic conduction
National Category
Energy Engineering Chemical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40673DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.05.055ISI: 000294374800063ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79960930481OAI: diva2:443142
QC 20110923Available from: 2011-09-23 Created: 2011-09-20 Last updated: 2012-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Fan, LiangdongZhu, Bin
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Energy TechnologySchool of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM)
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