The best MSW treatment option by considering greenhouse gas emissions reduction: a case study in Georgia
2011 (English)In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 29, no 8, 823-833 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The grave concern over climate change and new economic incentives such as the clean development mechanism (CDM) have given more weight to the potential of projects for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the Adjara solid waste management project, even though the need for reductions in GHG emissions is acknowledged, it is not one of the key factors for selecting the most appropriate treatment method. This study addresses the benefit of various solid waste treatment methods that could be used in the Adjara project in terms of reducing GHG emissions. Seven different options for solid waste treatment are examined: open dumping as the baseline case, four options for landfill technology (no provision of landfill gas capture, landfill gas capture with open flare system, with enclosed flare system and with electricity generation), composting and anaerobic digestion with electricity production. CDM methodologies were used to quantify the amount of reductions for the scenarios. The study concludes sanitary landfill with capture and burning of landfill gas by an enclosed flare system could satisfy the requirements, including GHG reduction potential. The findings were tested for uncertainty and sensitivity by varying the data on composition and amount of waste and were found to be robust.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 29, no 8, 823-833 p.
Clean development mechanism, waste management, greenhouse gas, landfill, carbon credit, Georgia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40674DOI: 10.1177/0734242X10396119ISI: 000294436500007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80052386262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-40674DiVA: diva2:443150
QC 201109232011-09-232011-09-202011-09-23Bibliographically approved