Electron avalanches in liquid argon mixtures
2004 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, Vol. 534, no 3, 376-396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have observed stable avalanche gain in liquid argon when mixed with small amounts of xenon (xe) in the high electric field (> 7 MV/cm) near the point of a chemically etched needle in a point-plane geometry. We identify two gain mechanisms, one pressure dependent, and the other independent of the applied pressure. We conclude that the pressure dependent signals are from avalanche gain in gas bubbles at the tip of the needle, while the pressure-independent pulses are from avalanche gain in liquid. We measure the decay time spectra of photons from both types of avalanches. The decay times from the pressure-dependent pulses decrease (increase) with the applied pressure (high voltage), while the decay times from the pressure-independent pulses are approximately independent of pressure or high voltage. For our operating conditions, the collected charge distribution from avalanches is similar for 60 or 122 keV photon sources. With krypton additives, instead of Xe, we measure behavior consistent with only the pressure-dependent pulses. Neon and TMS were also investigated as additives, and designs for practical detectors were tested.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 534, no 3, 376-396 p.
liquid argon, xenon, avalanche, mobility, ionization
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39738DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.06.136ISI: 000225317000003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-9644281816OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39738DiVA: diva2:443720
QC 201109262011-09-262011-09-122012-03-21Bibliographically approved