Modelling of transport in fractures with complex matrix properties
2006 (English)In: Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX, WARRENDALE, PA: MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY , 2006, Vol. 932, 267-274 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
In the ongoing Swedish site investigations it has been found that the rock matrix adjacent to many open fractures has been altered. The alteration can extend from mm to several cm. The altered rock can have different sorption and diffusion properties compared to the undisturbed rock and this may influence the retardation of the nuclides. The paper presents how the Channel Network model has been adapted to handle diffusion into a matrix composed of several layers with different properties in addition to the infinite undisturbed matrix. For one channel, the solution for the Residence Time Distribution, RTD, may be found in the Laplace-plane. For the transport in the Channel Network, a particle tracking technique is used to determine the paths followed by solute particles. The RTD for this path is obtained using convolution, which in the Laplace-plane means multiplication of the transfer functions for each channel. The inversion to the time-plane is made by numerical inversion of the Laplace transforms for each path. The method has been tested with data from the TRUE (Tracer Retention Understanding Experiments) project, Task 6F, fluid flow and solute transport in two features in 100 in scale where a complex matrix was modelled. The model was used to predict the transport of the tracers (I-129), Cs-137, and Am-241) over some 20 m. The paper also addresses how the RTD is influenced by the different retardation mechanisms under Site Characterisation (SC) as well as Performance Assessment (PA) conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WARRENDALE, PA: MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY , 2006. Vol. 932, 267-274 p.
, MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS, ISSN 0272-9172 ; 932
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-41951ISI: 000239003700031ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33746091687ISBN: 1-55899-889-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-41951DiVA: diva2:445793
29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management. Ghent, BELGIUM. SEP 12-16, 2005
QC 201110052011-10-052011-10-042011-10-05Bibliographically approved