Inorganic heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production from vegetable oils
2011 (English)In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, Vol. 35, no 9, 3787-3809 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Biofuels are renewable solutions to replace the ever dwindling energy reserves and environmentally pollutant fossil liquid fuels when they are produced from low cost sustainable feedstocks. Biodiesel is mainly produced from vegetable oils or animal fats by the method of transesterification reaction using catalysts. Homogeneous catalysts are conventionally used for biodiesel production. Unfortunately, homogeneous catalysts are associated with problems which might increase the cost of production due to separation steps and emission of waste water. Inorganic heterogeneous catalysts are potentially low cost and can solve many of the problems encountered in homogeneous catalysts. Many solid acid and base inorganic catalysts have been studied for the transesterification of various vegetables oils. The work of many researchers on the development of active, tolerant to water and free fatty acids (FFA), as well as stable inorganic catalysts for biodiesel production from vegetable oils are reviewed and discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 35, no 9, 3787-3809 p.
Biodiesel, Edible and non-edible oils, Inorganic heterogeneous catalysts, Free fatty acids, Transesterification
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-42366DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.06.011ISI: 000294939100005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79961128514OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-42366DiVA: diva2:446983
QC 201110102011-10-102011-10-102011-10-17Bibliographically approved