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Astrophysics and cosmology with balloons
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
2005 (English)In: 17th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 2005, Vol. 590, 47-52 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In a pioneering balloon experiment 1912 Victor Hess discovered cosmic rays. Over the soon 100 years since that time enormous progress in fundamental physics, astrophysics and cosmology has been made with balloon experiments. New elementary particles were discovered in the period from 1930 to 1950. Later balloon experiments searched for primordial antimatter. Supernova properties have been studied in balloon borne experiments measuring radioactive nuclei. Cosmology is today very much an experimental science with many experiments giving new data. One of the most important discoveries was the observation of the first acoustic peak in the cosmic microwave background in balloon experiments in 2000. The improved balloon technique of today makes experiments with very long duration possible and opens new science windows.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 590, 47-52 p.
Series
ESA SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS, ISSN 0379-6566 ; 590
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-43200ISI: 000234475600008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-28844489185ISBN: 92-9092-901-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-43200DiVA: diva2:447899
Conference
17th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research. Sandefjord, NORWAY. MAY 30-JUN 02, 2005
Note
QC 20111013Available from: 2011-10-13 Created: 2011-10-13 Last updated: 2011-10-13Bibliographically approved

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