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How to measure the Transverse Chromatic Aberration of the human eye in off-axis angels
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biomedical and X-ray Physics.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Peripheral vision plays an important role for visually impaired people with central field loss. Furthermore, recent studies show that defocus in the image on the peripheral retina might influence the development of myopia. Apart from the refractive errors and astigmatism, off-axis aberrations such as coma and transverse chromatic aberration (TCA) also influence the image quality on the peripheral retina. Theory shows that the amount of TCA is quite large in peripheral vision especially in large off-axis angles. The aim of this study is to develop a method to measure the amount of TCA in the peripheral field of view of the human eye.

The method which was used for this study was subjective and the amount of TCA was measured in the left eye of the three volunteer adult subjects. The method was based on measuring the TCA as a chromatic difference of position outside of the eye. The measurements were done in the nasal retina of the eye in seven angles from 0 deg eccentricity (fovea) to 60 deg eccentricity. To compare the experimental results with theoretical values two schematic eye models were implemented in ZEMAX optical design software; a reduced eye model and a wide angle eye model.

The results showed the expected increase of TCA with off-axis angle. The measurements for two subjects were in good agreement with the eye models. The magnitudes for TCA varied between subjects, one reason for this can be related to the different shapes of the eye in different subjects. The third subject had different values for TCA. This difference led us to investigate the reliability and the repeatability of the method in more detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 50 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 33
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-43725OAI: diva2:448735
Subject / course
Applied Physics
Educational program
Degree of Master
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2011-10-18 Created: 2011-10-18 Last updated: 2011-10-18Bibliographically approved

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