Alternative road pricing schemes and their equity effects: Results of simulations for Stockholm
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the TRB 90th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
This paper uses a newly developed transport model to analyze effects of alternative road pricing schemes. The responses to road pricing included in the model are departure time, mode and route choice. Traffic analysis is performed on a large urban network of Stockholm using mesoscopic simulation. The compared pricing schemes differ in toll location and charged amount. Through calculation of consumer surplus per geographical zone, effects of the road pricing schemes are analyzed per income group and geographical area in order to study equity effects. Simulation results suggest that road pricing can be both regressive and progressive depending on the design of the pricing scheme, this even before the use of revenues to compensate users. Results also indicate that there can be a disagreement between which pricing scheme is preferable from a congestion mitigating point of view and which is preferable when looking at equity effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington, D.C., 2011.
Road pricing, Traffic simulation, Equity effects, Departure time choice
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-43730OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-43730DiVA: diva2:448774
FunderTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201110192011-10-182011-10-182011-11-21Bibliographically approved