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Analysis of simultaneous cooling and heating in supermarket refrigeration systems
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration. (EGI)
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this master thesis project, conventional supermarket refrigeration systems using R404A are compared with refrigeration system solutions using natural refrigerants such as carbon dioxide and ammonia. This systems analysis considers the behavior of those systems in floating condensing and heat recovery mode. System heating and cooling COP have been calculated by using computer simulation with the calculation software EES (Engineering Equation Solver). The impact of important parameters such as sub-cooling, external superheating and compressor discharge was also determined through the computer models.The estimation of the system annual energy consumptions shows that systems using natural refrigerant can compete with systems using artificial refrigerant by using heat recovery system such as heat pump cascade, heat pump cascade for sub-cooling, fixed pressure system and de-superheater. If the indirect emission of systems using natural refrigerant and artificial refrigerant is approximately similar, the direct emission for carbon dioxide systems and ammonia systems can be estimated to be 10000 times less important than R404A systems.Multi-unit refrigeration systems have also been studied in this project; it appears that in theory COP improvement of 10% is possible if the condensing temperature of each unit is controlled adequatelly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
National Category
Energy Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44469OAI: diva2:450489
Subject / course
Refrigerating Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Chemical Science and Engineering
BAvailable from: 2011-10-25 Created: 2011-10-20 Last updated: 2011-10-25Bibliographically approved

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Marigny, Johan
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Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration
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