Lung mechanics and transpulmonary pressures during unassisted pressure breathing at high Gz loads
2008 (English)In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, Vol. 79, no 11, 1041-1046 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Positive pressure breathing (PPB) is commonly used in modern fighter aircraft as part of the anti-G ensemble. PPB is combined with a chest counterpressure bladder which is pressurized to the same magnitude as the breathing mask (balanced PPB). The chest counterpressure is expected to reduce the expiratory work of breathing, reduce the risk for lung rupture, and increase G tolerance. In a previous study we did not find any effect from chest counterpressure on G tolerance or G endurance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chest counterpressure on the work of breathing and the risk for lung rupture.
METHODS: Eight male test subjects were exposed to 20-s periods of PPB at +1.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0 Gz. Each Gz level was accomplished twice, with and without pressurization of the chest bladder. Inspiratory and expiratory flows were measured and esophageal pressures were measured in the lower and upper third of the thorax. Subsequently, work and power of breathing and apical transpulmonary pressure were estimated.
RESULTS: The apical transpulmonary pressure was slightly larger without than with chest counterpressure at 1.0 Gz, while chest counterpressure did not affect apical transpulmonary pressure at increased Gz load. Nor did the chest counterpressure affect work or power of breathing at any Gz load.
CONCLUSION: Inflation of the chest bladder does not seem to have any effects on work or power of breathing or risk for lung rupture during PPB at high Gz loads.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 79, no 11, 1041-1046 p.
anti-G suit, G load, lung rupture, PPB, power of breathing, transpulmonary pressure, work of breathing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44573DOI: 10.3357/ASEM.2371.2008ISI: 000260568800005PubMedID: 18998485OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-44573DiVA: diva2:451242
QC 201111022011-10-252011-10-252011-11-02Bibliographically approved