Perception of the head transversal plane and the subjective horizontal during gondola centrifugation
2005 (English)In: Perception & Psychophysics
, ISSN 0031-5117, E-ISSN 1532-5962, Vol. 67, no 3, 369-382 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The subjective visual horizontal (SVH) and the subjective head transversal plane (STP) were measured by means of an adjustable luminous line in darkness during centrifuging. Subjects (N = 10) were seated upright, facing forward in a swing-out gondola. After acceleration of the centrifuge to 2G (vectorial sum of the earth's gravity and the centrifugal force; gondola inclination 60 degrees), subjects had to set the line either so that it was perceived as gravitoinertially horizontal (SVH) or so that it was perceived as parallel with the transversal ("horizontal") plane of the head (STP). Initially after acceleration, the SVH was tilted with respect to the gravitoinertial horizontal of the gondola (M = 16.6 degrees). This tilt was compensatory with respect to the gondola inclination. However, the STP was tilted in the opposite direction (M = 12.4 degrees), which might suggest a vestibular-induced distortion of the mental representation of one's own body. Similar results were obtained when measuring the subjective visual vertical (SVV) and the subjective midsagittal plane (SSP) in 5 subjects. The perceived roll angle (obtained as SVH-STP or SVV-SSP) was considerably larger than had previously been reported. Time constants for exponential decay of the tilt of the SVH or SVV were often 2-3 min, indicating a memory for semicircular canal information on changes in head orientation--a position-storage mechanism.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 67, no 3, 369-382 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44595ISI: 000230225900001PubMedID: 16119388OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-44595DiVA: diva2:451562
QC 201111022011-10-262011-10-252011-11-02Bibliographically approved