Characterisation of the undissolved residuals in CMC-solutions
2004 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 11, no 2, 195-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The undissolved fibre and gel residuals that had not completely reacted to form fully dissolved carboxy-methyl cellulose (CMC) in the production of CMC were studied to clarify the reactivity of wood components in the pulp. The undissolved residuals, the pulp and the CMC were therefore analysed on the fibre level, the cell-wall level and the chemical composition level. The results may be interpreted as indicating that the presence of undissolved residuals in the CMS was not due to any chemical difference. The undissolved residuals were shown to consist mainly of swollen cell wall parts and some whole wood cells, mainly thick-walled compression wood and summerwood cells. They react more slowly in the mercerisation and etherification, probably because of a greater diffusion resistance due to their larger dimensions or to a more dense structure. These cells are assumed to be less accessible for chemical penetration, but they may also contain supramolecular structures that slow down the CMC reaction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 11, no 2, 195-202 p.
carbohydrate analysis (CMC), carboxymethyl cellulose, fibre, IR spectroscopy, microscopy, STFI Fibermaster(TM), spruce sulfite pulp, undissolved residuals, wood cells
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44851DOI: 10.1023/B:CELL.0000025390.81603.40ISI: 000221057300007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-2942644648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-44851DiVA: diva2:451709
QC 201110262011-10-262011-10-252012-03-21Bibliographically approved