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Human skeletal muscle function and metabolism during intense exercise at high O2 and N2 pressures
Karolinska Institutet.
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1987 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 63, no 2, 571-575 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The maximal contractile force (peak torque) of the quadriceps femoris was studied during 60 repeated unilateral dynamic knee extensions in nine subjects under three different conditions, viz., during air breathing at normal (1 ATA) and raised (6 ATA) ambient pressures and during O2 breathing at 1.3 ATA. In six subjects the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the working muscle was recorded. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis before, immediately after, and 1 min after exercise. Tissue specimens were subsequently assayed for various muscle metabolites. Peak torque, as an average of the 60 knee extensions, was higher (P less than 0.05) at 1.3 ATA than at 6 or 1 ATA. Peak torque of the exercising muscle declined more rapidly at 1 ATA than at 1.3 ATA, differing in the final 24 contractions by 14%. At 6 ATA peak torque of the initial 12 contractions was 6% lower (P less than 0.05) than at 1 ATA but equaled 1-ATA values in the latter third of the exercise bout. Although the EMG activity at 1 ATA increased relative to that at 6 ATA as exercise proceeded, the rate of force decline was greater at 1 ATA. Despite greater total work produced at 1.3 ATA than at 1 ATA, the metabolic response to exercise was not substantially altered at increased O2 pressure. However, the restitution rate of energy-rich phosphagens and the elimination of lactate during recovery were greater (P less than 0.05) at 1.3 ATA. These results suggest that hyperoxia may enhance the rate of energy release, whereas high N2 pressure and/or high hydrostatic pressure seem to interfere with neuromuscular activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1987. Vol. 63, no 2, 571-575 p.
Keyword [en]
hyperoxia, muscle fatigue, fast- and slow-twitch muscle fibers, electromyographic activity, heart rate
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44635PubMedID: 3654415OAI: diva2:452172
QC 20111102Available from: 2011-10-28 Created: 2011-10-25 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved

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Eiken, Ola
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