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Cardiac responses to lower body negative pressure and dynamic leg exercise
Karolinska Institutet.
1985 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, ISSN 0301-5548, E-ISSN 1432-1025, Vol. 54, no 5, 451-455 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cardiac responses to dynamic leg exercise at 0, 50, and 100 W in the supine position were investigated with and without the lower portion of the body exposed to a pressure of -6.6 kPa (Lower Body Negative Pressure, LBNP). Resting values for heart rate (HR) and stroke volume (SV) were considerably higher and lower, respectively, during LBNP than in the control condition. At the transition from rest to the mildest exercise during LBNP SV showed a prompt increase by about 40%, but no significant change in the control condition. HR, which increased by 17 beats X min-1 in the control condition, showed during LBNP no change initially and subsequently a small but significant drop below its resting value. Steady-state values for HR at the various levels of exercise were not significantly affected by LBNP, whereas corresponding values for SV were considerably lowered, so that exercise values for cardiac output were about 3 l X min-1 less during LBNP than in the control condition. The reductions in SV and cardiac output indicate residual pooling of blood in intra- and extramuscular capacitance vessels of the legs. With a change from rest to exercise at 100 W during LBNP mean systolic ejection rate (MSER) increased by 67%, the relations between SV and MSER suggesting that ventricular performance was maintained by a combination of the Frank-Starling mechanism and enhanced contractile strength.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1985. Vol. 54, no 5, 451-455 p.
Keyword [en]
Lower Body Negative Pressure, Leg exercise, Impedance cardiography, Cardiac function
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44644DOI: 10.1007/BF00422950ISI: A1985AVS5000001PubMedID: 4085471OAI: diva2:452199
QC 20111102Available from: 2011-10-28 Created: 2011-10-25 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved

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Eiken, Ola
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