Occupational fitness standards for beach lifeguards. Phase 2: the development of an easily administered fitness test.
2006 (English)In: Occupational Medicine, ISSN 0962-7480, E-ISSN 1471-8405, Vol. 56, no 1, 12-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: No task-based fitness standard currently exists for beach lifeguards (BLGs).
AIM: To formulate an easily administered fitness test for BLGs based on the physical demands identified in Phase 1 of the project (previous paper).
METHODS: A range of anthropometric and land- and water-based (swimming pool and flume) fitness assessments were administered to 25 male and female volunteer subjects (13 BLGs from the UK).
RESULTS: The mean (SD) VO(2max) (l/min) were 3.04 (0.61) for towing a casualty, 2.08 (0.53) for board paddling with a casualty and 2.97 (0.67) for freestyle swimming. A significant correlation (r = -0.82, P < 0.001) was identified between distance paddled in the sea in 3.5 min (established in Phase 1) and pool 400-m front crawl swim time and between towing VO(2max) and deltoid circumference/log(10) 400-m front crawl swim time (r = -0.83, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The regression identified allows the conclusion that if a BLG can swim 400-m front crawl in a pool in <7.5 min, he/she should be able to paddle 310 m in the sea in <3.5 min. Final recommendations for a fitness test for potential BLGs are presented.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 56, no 1, 12-17 p.
Fitness standards, lifeguarding, occupational fitness, rescue
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-45330DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqi168ISI: 000234436000005PubMedID: 16267102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-45330DiVA: diva2:452337
QC 201111152011-10-282011-10-282011-11-15Bibliographically approved