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Breathing volumes and gas exchange during simulated rapid free ascent from 100 msw
1993 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 74, no 3, 1293-1298 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The crew of a disabled submarine can be rescued by means of free ascent through the water to the surface. Pulmonary gas exchange was studied during simulated rapid free ascent in subjects standing immersed to the neck in a pressure chamber. The pressure was rapidly increased to 1.1 MPa [100 meters seawater (msw)] followed by decompression at 0.03 MPa/s (3 msw/s). Effective inspired tidal volume, as estimated by an Ar dilution method, fell gradually to zero during decompression from 20 to 0 msw. Directly determined expired tidal volumes were increased up to two to three times at the time of return to surface pressure compared with pre- and postdecompression volumes. End-tidal PCO2 was increased on compression and fell to a nadir of 3.4 kPa (25 Torr) at the time of return to surface pressure. Thus, intrapulmonary gas expansion caused simultaneous inspiratory hypoventilation and expiratory hyperventilation. If O2-enriched gas is to be used to reduce the risk of decompression sickness, it should be administered early during decompression to alter the intrapulmonary gas composition. The time course of arterial PCO2 changes as reflected by end-tidal values during short-lasting compression/decompression would act to promote inert gas supersaturation in the brain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 74, no 3, 1293-1298 p.
Keyword [en]
rapid decompression, in trapulmonary gas expansion, inspiratory hypoventilation, expiratory hyperventilation
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-45340ISI: A1993KV03200045PubMedID: 8482670OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-45340DiVA: diva2:452358
Note
QC 20111118Available from: 2011-10-28 Created: 2011-10-28 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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