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A three-dimensional network model describing a non-linear composite material
KTH, Superseded Departments, Electrical Systems.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Electrical Systems.
2004 (English)In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 37, no 1, 112-119 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A three-dimensional network model for performing non-linear time-dependent simulations of the electrical characteristics related to a composite material is presented. The considered compounds are represented by a cubic lattice and consist of conducting particles distributed in an insulating matrix. Earlier studies of the non-linear characteristics of silicon carbide (SiC) grains and of the linear frequency-dependent electrical properties of composites are combined and extended. The calculations are compared to measurements on ethylene-propylene-diene monomer rubber filled with angular SIC grains. The field-dependent conductivity measured for the unconsolidated SiC powder is used as input to the simulations. The model can manage the conductivity difference of seven decades between the constituents and the strong exponential non-linearity of the conducting particles. The network calculations replicate the experimental characteristic at high filter concentrations, where direct 'face' contacts between the filler grains dominate the behaviour. At lower concentrations, it is shown that indirect 'edge' contacts involving the polymer control the current transport also in the non-linear high field range. The general effective conductivity describing an edge connection in the linear case is no longer appropriate. Non-linear mechanisms in the polymer and the conducting grains within a field enhanced limited region around the contact need to be represented by an equivalent circuit element with a case-dependent resulting expression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 37, no 1, 112-119 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-45517DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/37/1/019ISI: 000188546000021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0347763715OAI: diva2:452644
QC 20111031Available from: 2011-10-31 Created: 2011-10-31 Last updated: 2011-10-31Bibliographically approved

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Mårtensson, EvaGäfvert, Uno
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