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Chemiluminescence as a tool for polyolefin oxidation studies
KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
2004 (English)In: Advances in Polymer Science, ISSN 0065-3195, E-ISSN 1436-5030, Vol. 169, 151-176 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The oxidation of polymers such as polypropylene and polyethylene is accompanied by weak chemiluminescence. The development of sensitive photon counting systems has made it comparatively easy to measure faint light emissions and polymer chemiluminescence has become an important method to follow the initial stages in the oxidative degradation of polymers. Alternatively, chemiluminescence is used to determine the amount of hydroperoxides accumulated in a pre-oxidised polymer. Chemiluminescence has also been applied to study how irradiation or mechanical stress affects the rate of polymer oxidation. In recent years, imaging chemiluminescence has been established as a most valuable technique offering both spatial and temporal resolution of oxidation in polymers. This technique has disclosed that oxidation in polyolefins is non-uniformly distributed and proceeds by spreading. This review is the result of several investigations performed by the authors and other research groups where chemiluminescence has been used to study oxidative degradation of polyolefins, either as the main technique or as a complement to other techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 169, 151-176 p.
Keyword [en]
chemiluminescence, imaging chemiluminescence, polyethylene, polypropylene, oxidation, PP, PE
National Category
Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-45894DOI: 10.1007/b13522ISI: 000223226800006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-2942645087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-45894DiVA: diva2:453166
Note
QC 20111101Available from: 2011-11-01 Created: 2011-11-01 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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