Effect of sorbate planarity on environmental black carbon sorption
2004 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 38, no 13, 3574-3580 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Soot and charcoal, collectively termed "black carbon" or BC, can exhibit extremely strong sorption of many hydrophobic organic compounds. In order to include BC sorption in fate models, it is important to know BC nanopore surface areas. In addition, it is useful to know for which compounds BC sorption can be expected to be important. By nitrogen adsorption measurements at ultralow pressures on sediment that was strongly enriched in BC by HF treatment and/or chemothermal oxidation at 375 degreesC, we found that environmental BC has nanoporosity in the <4-10 Angstrom size range. The nanopore surface area (<50 Angstrom) of BC in Lake Ketelmeer (The Netherlands) sediment was approximately 58 m(2)/g. We measured sorption isotherms over a wide concentration interval for four compounds with the same K-OW (10(4.6+/-0.1)): planar anthracene (ANT), phenanthrene (PHE), and 4-chlorobiphenyl (4-PCB) along with nonplanar 2,2'-dichlorobiphenyl (2,2'-PCB). The environmental BC sorption coefficients of these iso-K-OW compounds decreased in the order ANT > PHE approximate to 4-PCB much greater than 2,2'-PCB and spanned a factor of 50-200, depending on concentration. Nonplanar 2,2'-PCB showed much more linear BC sorption (n(F) = 0.92) than the planar compounds (n(F) = 0.54-0.70). This shows that steric hindrance strongly attenuates BC-sorbate interactions for a nonplanar PCB. Thus, BC is more important for environmental sorption of planar compounds (>50% sorbed to BC in the nanogram per liter range) than for nonplanar ones (<10-20%). Using the measured BC nanopore surface area, a close agreement between modeled and measured BC sorption data could be found.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 38, no 13, 3574-3580 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-41848DOI: 10.1021/es049862gISI: 000222396400023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-3042758478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-41848DiVA: diva2:453660
QC 201111032011-11-032011-10-032011-11-03Bibliographically approved