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Vertical separation as means to establish interoperability in road tolling in Europe
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1789-9238
2011 (English)In: Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, ISSN 0968-090X, E-ISSN 1879-2359, Vol. 19, no 6, 1019-1032 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As more European roads become tolled by various means, an increasing share of road users become subject to more than one tolling scheme in their regular driving. This can be especially burdensome for long distance hauliers, who may pass several countries and tolled motorway systems during the course of 1 day. For this reason, a range of projects have been initiated attempting to increase the level of interoperability between tolling systems, many of which with only limited success. By analyzing current incentives, costs and benefits for toll operators and road users, we conclude firstly that the current level of interoperability is likely to be lower than socially optimal, and secondly that a direct regulation making the provision of interoperability mandatory is likely to be in excess of what is socially optimal. We argue that vertically separating the monopolistic toll operators could be a cost-efficient way to achieve a socially optimal level of interoperability as a equilibrium market outcome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 19, no 6, 1019-1032 p.
Keyword [en]
Road tolling, Road user charging, Interoperability, EETS, Industrial organisation
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-45575DOI: 10.1016/j.trc.2011.05.013ISI: 000295663100007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79959569814OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-45575DiVA: diva2:454481
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note
QC 20111107Available from: 2011-11-07 Created: 2011-10-31 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Much has been researched and written about road pricing, and especially how it affects traffic flow, congestion, the environment, and social welfare in general. This doctoral thesis analyses the implementation of road user charges rather than its effects. The dissertation consists of five separate papers, each addressing a subset of the topic. The first paper sheds light on the costs to introduce congestion taxes in Stockholm, and describes how public opinion and political risk lead to a system design that in all likelihood was more expensive than necessary. In the second paper the European regulation on interoperability between road charging system is evaluated from a benefit/cost perspective, which is found to be overly ambitious. Paper three builds upon the second, and suggests a general model for how costs and benefits interact in the case of road charging interoperability. Inpaper four a potential solution is presented for how the practical problems related to enforcement of road charging in an international context or in countries with weak institutions. The fifth and final paper analyses the public opinion of road charges, and especially urban congestion charges, using a survey conducted simultaneously in three European cities.

Abstract [sv]

Mycket har forskats och skrivits kring vägavgifter, och framför allt hur de påverkar trafikströmmar, trängsel, miljö och samhällsnytta. Denna sammanläggningsavhandling analyserar införande av vägavgifter snarare än dess effekter. Avhandlingen består av fem uppsatser som var och en tar sig an en delmängd av området. Den första uppsatsen belyser kostnaderna för införande av trängselskatter i Stockholm, och beskriver hur opinion och politisk risk ledde till en systemdesign som troligen var mer kostsam än nödvändigt. I den andra uppsatsen utvärderas den europeiska lagstiftningen för interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem ifrån ett nytto/kostnads-perspektiv, och finner den alltför ambitiös. Uppsats tre bygger vidare på den andra och föreslår en generell modell för hur kostnader och nyttor samverkar avseende interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem. I uppsats fyra presenteras en möjlig lösning på hur de praktiska problemen med beivrande av vägavgifter i ett internationellt sammanhang eller i länder med svaga institutioner kan lösas. Den avslutande femte uppsatsenanalyserar allmänhetens attityder till vägavgifter, framför allt urbana trängselavgifter, med hjälp av en enkätundersökning som genomförts samtidigt i tre europeiska städer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. xxix p.
Series
Trita-TSC-PHD, 12:002
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102755 (URN)978-91-85539-92-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-10-05, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note

QC 20120925

Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Eliasson, Jonas

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