On flow structure, heat transfer and pressure drop in varying aspect ratio two-pass rectangular channel with ribs at 45 degrees
2013 (English)In: Heat and Mass Transfer, ISSN 0947-7411, E-ISSN 1432-1181, Vol. 49, no 5, 679-694 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To increase the thermal efficiency of gas turbines, inlet temperature of gas is increased. This results in the requirement of cooling of gas turbine blades and vanes. Internal cooling of gas turbine blades and vanes is one of several options. Two-pass channels are provided with ribs to enhance heat transfer at the expense of an increased pressure drop. The space in the blade is limited and requires channels with small aspect ratios. Numerical simulations have been performed to investigate heat transfer, flow field and pressure loss in a two-pass channel equipped with 45A degrees ribs with aspect ratio (W-in/H) equal to 1:3 in the inlet pass and 1:1 in the outlet pass with both connected together with a 180A degrees bend. The results are compared with a higher aspect ratio channel (W-in/H = 1:2, inlet pass). In the ribbed channel, a decrease in pressure drop was observed with a decrease in the aspect ratio of the channel. The smaller aspect ratio channel not only allows using more cooling channels in the blade, but also results in more heat transfer enhancement. The divider-to-tip wall distance (W-el) has influence on the pressure drop, as well as on the heat transfer enhancement at the bend and outlet pass. Heat transfer decreases with decrease in aspect ratio of the inlet pass of the two-pass channel. With increase in divider-to-tip wall distance, heat transfer tries to attain a constant value.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 49, no 5, 679-694 p.
Gas Turbine, Heat Transfer, Numerical Study, Two-Pass Ribbed Channel.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47342DOI: 10.1007/s00231-013-1111-5ISI: 000317854500006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84878323147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-47342DiVA: diva2:454801
QC 20130523. Updated from submitted to published.2011-11-082011-11-082013-05-23Bibliographically approved