The role of NGO’s in supporting women’s entrepreneurship: A study of Quadruple Helix innovation systems in the Baltic sea region
2011 (English)In: 7th International Critical Management Studies Conference, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
A gender gap in entrepreneurship and innovation can be discerned across Europe – often portrayed as a statistical pattern showing differences in prevalence of entrepreneurial and innovative activities between the categories of men and women. The gender gap can be traced back to the general perceptions of gender in society, where entrepreneurial venturing and innovation work are culturally defined as masculine activities. A situation in which dominating policy models for regional entrepreneurship and innovation – such as the Triple Helix model – sustain the gender gap by being blind to gender issues imply both practical and theoretical challenges for critical management research. In this paper, we intend to analyse the gendered norms and consequences of dominating innovation models, such as the Triple Helix, and to identify roles and challenges of NGO’s in the alternative conceptualization of Quadruple Helix.
Based on an exploratory case study of an EU--‐financed project intentionally set up as a Quadruple Helixinnovation system, we find that NGOs may fill four roles in bridging the gender gap: (1) collaborative platforms for women--‐led SMEs, (2) legitimating and linking women--‐led SMEs to governmental and academic actors, (3) developing competences and process innovations related to entrepreneurial venturing outside traditional Triple Helix constellations, and (4) carrying individual and societal aspects of entrepreneuring.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-47622DiVA: diva2:455762
7th Critical Management Studies Conference. Naples, Italy. 11-07-11 - 13-07-11
QC 201111182011-11-112011-11-112014-06-18Bibliographically approved