Occupational exposure limits in Europe and Asia – Continued divergence or global harmonization?
2011 (English)In: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, E-ISSN 1096-0295, Vol. 61, no 3, 296-309 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Occupational exposure limits (OELs) are used as a risk management tool aiming at protecting against negative health effects of occupational exposure to harmful substances. The systems of OEL development have not been standardized and divergent outcomes have been reported. However some harmonization processes have been initiated, primarily in Europe. This study investigates the state of harmonization in a global context. The OEL systems of eight Asian and seventeen European organizations are analyzed with respect to similarities and differences in: (1) the system for determining OELs, (2) the selection of substances, and (3) the levels of the OELs. The majority of the investigated organizations declare themselves to have been influenced by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), and in many cases this can be empirically confirmed. The EU harmonization process is reflected in trends towards convergence within the EU. However, comparisons of Asian and European organizations provide no obvious evidence that OELs are becoming globally harmonized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 61, no 3, 296-309 p.
ACGIH; Asia; Chemical regulation; Harmonization; Occupational exposure limits; Risk management; The European union
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47724DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2011.08.011ISI: 000297441700005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80855123617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-47724DiVA: diva2:456069
QC 201111142011-11-112011-11-112016-04-27Bibliographically approved