A project-based view of entrepreneurship: Towards action-orientation, seriality and collectivity
2003 (English)In: New movements of entrepreneurship / [ed] C. Steyaert & D. Hjorth, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2003, 1, 86-102 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Traditional entrepreneurship research often tends to view entrepreneurship in terms of individual actors starting enterprises, an approach which might limit further development of entrepreneurship theory. The project-based view of entrepreneurship proposed here instead focuses on the organising of entrepreneurial acts (action-orientation). Such entrepreneurial acts can be, but are not limited to, enterprise start-ups – entrepreneurship also happens in many other forms. Moreover, those acts are temporary by nature, which means that they can be analysed in terms of projects. Saying that entrepreneurial acts are temporary projects means that people can perform several entrepreneurial acts during a lifetime – in different ways and with different results (seriality). Entrepreneurial acts are also viewed as collective ones, organised by several actors in actor networks temporarily coupled together by a somewhat common mission (collectivity). From this reasoning, it also follows that empirical investigation of project-based entrepreneurship should be made with a narrative approach, understanding the entrepreneurial act as a part of the various actors’ construction of identity. With respect to every actor’s - socially constructed - view of reality we therefore can understand the social construction of the entrepreneurial act. By stressing a project-based view with a social constructionist perspective we hope to encourage pluralism and diversity in theory, practice and methodology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2003, 1. 86-102 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47899ISI: 000221494500007ISBN: 1-84376-219-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-47899DiVA: diva2:456557
QC 20111118 NR 20140804. QC 201602082011-11-152011-11-152016-02-08Bibliographically approved