Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
On the Computation of Turbulent Mixing Processes with Application to EGR in IC-engines
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. (CCGEx)
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with turbulent mixing processes occuring in internal combustion engines, when applying exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). EGR is a very efficient way to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in internal combustion engines. Exhaust gases are recirculated and mixed with the intake air of the engine, thus reducing the oxygen concentration of the combustion gas and the maximum combustion tempera- ture. This temperature decrease results in a reduction of NOx emissions, since NOx is produced at high temperatures.The issue of NOx reduction is of high importance for current engine development (particularly for heavy-duty engines), since NOx is the main cause for smog formation and subject to increasingly stronger emission legislation. One of the practical problems when applying EGR is the non-uniformity of the mixture among and inside the cylinders deteriorating the engine and emission performance.The aim of this work is to develop and assess methods suited for the computation of turbulent mixing processes in engine conditions. More specifically, RANS and LES computations are considered. The flow structures responsible for the mixing are analyzed for two different T-junctions and a six-cylinder Scania engine-manifold. Shortcomings and advantages of the applied mixing models are explained.The main results are, that commonly applied scalar flux models for the RANS framework do not predict correct scalar flux directions. In stationary flow, the applied k-ε-model in combination with a gradient-diffusion-model gives too small mixing rates as compared to LES and experiments. Furthermore, the LES computations of the T-junctions show, that Dean vortices occuring due to the curvature of the flow are broken up and dissipated only a few diameters downstream of the junction. The RANS computations do not predict this break-up, giving fundamentally different flow structures and mixing distributions. In pulsating flow, a resonance between the natural stabilities and the pulsation frequency is found by LES results, which could not be predicted by RANS.Computations of the flow in a Scania intake manifold with generic boundary con- ditions indicate, that inlet pulsations are important for the mixing process and that the smoothing effect of URANS is not adequate for accurate mixing computations. LES, on the other hand, is more promising, since it is able to capture the physics of pulsating flows much better.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , vi, 66 p.
Series
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2011:14
Keyword [en]
Turbulent Mixing, Large Eddy Simulations, IC-engines, T-junction
National Category
Engineering and Technology Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-48138ISBN: 978-91-7501-180-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-48138DiVA: diva2:456861
Presentation
2011-12-02, E 51, KTH, Osquarsbacke 14, Stockholm, 10:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20111117Available from: 2011-11-17 Created: 2011-11-16 Last updated: 2011-11-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. LES of the turbulent mixing process in a T-junction with stationary and pulsating inflow conditions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LES of the turbulent mixing process in a T-junction with stationary and pulsating inflow conditions
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Experimental Computational Aerothermodynamics of Internal Flows, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The turbulent mixing process in a T-junction with circular cross-sections is investigated by means of large eddy simulations (LES). First, stationary boundary conditions are applied in order to assess the grid sensitivity and the numerical method by experimental data. The most important flow mechanisms governing the mixing process are identified for the stationary case. Secondly, the corresponding case with pulsating inflow conditions is considered. The effect of pulsations on the mixing process is assessed.

 

National Category
Engineering and Technology Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-48333 (URN)
Note
QC 20111117Available from: 2011-11-17 Created: 2011-11-17 Last updated: 2011-11-17Bibliographically approved
2. Computation of mixing processes related to EGR
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computation of mixing processes related to EGR
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 7th International on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Turbulent mixing processes related to the application of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) in internal combustion engines are investigated using different turbulencemodels, i.e. RANS and LES. First, the mixing process in a simplified geometry, a T-junction with circular cross-sections, is considered under steady and pulsating in-flow conditions. The focus lies on the evaluation of the applied models and their effect on the mixing under the given flow conditions. The same turbulence models are then applied to a Diesel engine inlet manifold. It is shown that the EGR distribution to the different cylinders is non-uniformand hence affecting the total emissions from the engine. The non-uniformity of the EGR concentration implies also that the smoothing effect of the URANS model may not be adequate for determining the local temporaland spatial-EGR distribution at the cylinder intakes.

 

National Category
Engineering and Technology Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-48348 (URN)
Note
QC 20111117Available from: 2011-11-17 Created: 2011-11-17 Last updated: 2011-11-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1366 kB)1998 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 1366 kBChecksum SHA-512
2d25eb4b99154ad547e366040ca4068d2a47a2fe8f0cf6e58b492b2d185cf9ed5ef4e87cb4089302b23be3e8e3c53f51e8c4e5930e8d8b70d539b975b7536380
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sakowitz, Alexander
By organisation
Mechanics
Engineering and TechnologyApplied Mechanics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1998 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 263 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf