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The role of the toothbrush in the abrasion process
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biomedical and X-ray Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9573-2850
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 9, no 4, 284-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To evaluate the relative abrasivity of different toothbrushes both qualitatively and quantitatively. Materials and Methods: Acrylic plates were exposed to brushing in a brushing machine with ten different toothbrushes with water alone and with a toothpaste. The results were evaluated using a profilometer after one and 6 h of brushing (corresponding to 2000 and 12 000 double strokes, respectively). A surface roughness value (Ra-value) and also a volume loss value were calculated from the profilometer measurements. These values were then compared to each other. Results: The results showed that brushing with water alone caused less abrasion than when a toothpaste was added. Six-hour brushing with water caused less abrasion than 1 h with a toothpaste. The number of filaments or filament diameter influenced the results in various ways. When brushing with water, the harder toothbrush (Jordan Medium) caused more abrasion (higher Ra-value), but when adding the toothpaste, the softer toothbrush (Jordan soft) caused more abrasion after 12 000 double strokes. Conclusion: Besides supporting the fact that a toothpaste is needed to create a significant abrasion, this study also showed that a softer toothbrush can cause as much and in some cases more abrasion than harder ones. When conducting abrasivity studies, it is important to look at both the quantitative and qualitative aspect of abrasivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 9, no 4, 284-290 p.
Keyword [en]
abrasivity, profilometer, toothbrush
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47964DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2011.00505.xISI: 000296256500009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84857086367OAI: diva2:457391
QC 20111117Available from: 2011-11-17 Created: 2011-11-15 Last updated: 2011-11-17Bibliographically approved

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Liljeborg, Anders V G
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Biomedical and X-ray Physics
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