A field test study of leaf contamination on railhead surfaces
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit, ISSN 0954-4097, Vol. 228, no 1, 71-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Leaves on railway tracks affect the level of adhesion between the wheel and rail, especially in autumn. When crushed by wheels, leaves form a tarnished, low level of adhesion layer that sticks to the railhead and often requires mechanical removal. A Stockholm local traffic track with a long history of adhesion problems was subjected to field tests on railhead contamination. On five occasions under different conditions, spaced over a year, the friction coefficient was measured using a tribometer and samples of the rail were taken. The techniques of electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis and glow discharge optical emission spectrometry were conducted to determine the composition of the top layer of rail contaminants and hardness was measured using the nano-indentation technique. The tarnished layer contains much higher contents of calcium, carbon and nitrogen than do leaf residue layers and uncontaminated samples. These high element contents are generated from the leaf material, which chemically reacts with the bulk material. The hardness of the tarnished layer is one-fifth that of the non-tarnished layer of the same running band. A chemical reaction occurs from the surface to a depth of several microns. The thickness of the friction-reducing oxide layer can be used to predict the friction coefficient and extent of leaf contamination.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 228, no 1, 71-84 p.
leaf, blackish layer, wheel/rail, field test, surface analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-48804DOI: 10.1177/0954409712464860ISI: 000328825400006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84891056604OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-48804DiVA: diva2:458571
The first International conference on Railway Technology: Research, Development and Maintenance, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain18-20 April 2012
QC 201312022011-11-232011-11-232014-01-21Bibliographically approved