On numerical modeling and fracture criteria of dynamic elastic-viscoplastic crack growth
1990 (English)In: International Journal of Fracture, ISSN 0376-9429, E-ISSN 1573-2673, Vol. 44, no 4, 283-299 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dynamic steady-state small-scale yielding crack propagation in an elastic-viscoplastic structure is studied by a convective formulation of the finite element method. The loading condition is mode I plane strain.The plastic strain-rates are characterized by a power-law overstress model based on a general theory by Perzyna. For values of the stress exponent less than 3, the elastic strain-rates are more singular than the plastic strain-rates and consequently the near tip fields will exhibit an asymptotic elastic behaviour. The size of the zone where this elastic singularity dominates is typically of the order 10–3–10–5 of the size of the active plastic zone. These relatively small dimensions severely complicate the finite element modeling. Although the energy flow is calculated with a path-independent integral of J-integral type, its value will be dependent on the size of the near-tip elements unless extremely small finite elements are used. This is an important difference compared with many other situations, for example the elastic case and a stationary crack in a power-law hardening material, where the use of a path-independent integral improves the numerical accuracy even if the crack tip region is modeled with a rather coarse mesh. This size effect is discussed in detail. An application of the results with numerical data for a realistic situation shows that the crack tip energy flow might be vanishingly small compared to the energy dissipation in the plastic region. This indicates that the energy flow to the crack tip is perhaps not an appropriate parameter for the description of small-scale yielding crack growth in the present type of material model.The paper also contains an investigation of the introduction of a variable order singular element at the element positions adjacent to the crack tip. It is shown that this type of element does not improve the numerical behaviour in the present formulation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 1990. Vol. 44, no 4, 283-299 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-49381DOI: 10.1007/BF00036169ISI: A1990DY89000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-49381DiVA: diva2:459554
QC 201111292011-11-252011-11-252011-11-29Bibliographically approved