Methyl salicylate production by the fungus Ophiostoma pluriannulatum isolated from Pine Weevil frass
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Produktion av metylsalicylat från svampen Ophiostoma pluriannulatum isolerad från snytbagge frass (Swedish)
One great issue of reforestation is the infestation of pest insects. The pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) is one of the economically most important pest insects in Europe and Asia. When insects feed on the trees the plants emit compounds that repel the insects. Methyl salicylate (MeSA) is one substance known to be emitted by conifer seedlings after herbivore feeding. Similar compounds are emitted by fungus isolated from pine weevil frass. Female pine weevils add frass to the egg laying site to protect the eggs from other pine weevils. The goal of the project was to cultivate the fungi Ophiostoma pluriannulatum and analyze the volatile substances.
The fungus was cultivated using natural pine weevil frass (NF) as main substrate. Later new batches were prepared using lignin and potato dextrose broth (PDB), as feeding media to compare the results. Two sampling methods were used, SPME and adsorption with Porapak™ polymer column packing material. These samples were analyzed using GC-MS.
Methyl salicylate was found in NF fungi cultures, peaking after ten days. Another, unexpected, product of the fungi was a sesquiterpene hydrocarbon. The lignin and the PDB samples did not produce MeSA. However, the sesquiterpene could be found in the lignin samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 30 p.
Ophiostoma pluriannulatum, Methyl salicylate, SPME, volatiles, antifeedant
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-49711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-49711DiVA: diva2:460171
Subject / course
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Chemical Engineering
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Borg-Karlsson, Anna-Karin, Professor