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Procuring green energy in the construction sector: perspectives on inter-connecting green procurement and impact assessment
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering (moved 20130630), Environmental Management and Assessment.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4706-1623
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering (moved 20130630), Environmental Management and Assessment.
WSP.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering (moved 20130630), Environmental Management and Assessment.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1640-8946
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The construction sector consumes significant quantities of energy, thus contributing to almost 50 percent of the global greenhouse gas emissions. The construction sector must consider a renewable component to their energy procurement as a means to improve their environmental performance. In order to improve the sector’s environmental performance, various policy instruments have been adopted. This paper draws attention towards policy instruments, namely, green procurement and impact assessment. Green procurement involves the procurement of services, products and also energy that meet environmental requirements. Impact assessment is a process used to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposed development, and also to plan mitigation measures. This paper primarily uses the conceptualisation of the inter-link between impact assessment and green procurement. Furthermore, a literature review was conducted to identify some of the priority areas that could encourage the procurement of renewable energy in the construction sector. These priority areas include partnerships, planning at early stages of the project development for renewable energy procurement, renewable energy technology and policy integration. Additionally, interviews were conducted with various categories of stakeholders in the Swedish construction sector. The interviews focused on the inter-link between impact assessment and green procurement, and   the priority areas for encouraging the procurement of renewable energy. The interview responses show varied perceptions on the inter-link. Nonetheless, most of them acknowledge the need for the inter-link. The interview process indicates that there is a prevailing tendency within the Swedish construction sector to adopt various commercially available environmental assessment and certification tools. Furthermore, the stakeholders regard partnerships and planning at early stages as the topmost priority areas to consider. The interview process helped in mapping the direction for future research. Future research should investigate the contribution of impact assessment process towards the procurement process. This should also include the establishment of mechanisms for inter-connecting green procurement and impact assessment. In so doing, future research should also examine how the inter-link could be facilitated by certification tools. In addition, the future research should examine and discuss how partnerships need to be arranged within the context of the inter-link.

Keyword [en]
impact assessment, partnerships, green procurement, renewable energy
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-50057DiVA: diva2:460934
Projects
Improving the environmental performance of the construction sector through linking environmental impact assessment and green procurement
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasStandUp
Note

QC 20111206

Available from: 2011-12-01 Created: 2011-12-01 Last updated: 2016-04-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Linking environmental impact assessment and green procurement in the construction sector: opportunities and perspectives
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking environmental impact assessment and green procurement in the construction sector: opportunities and perspectives
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The construction sector has been greatly responsible for environmental pollution and problems related to sustainability. Hence, there is a crucial need to improve the sector’s environmental performance. In terms of assessing the environmental impacts of the construction sector at project and strategic level, policy instruments such as project-based environmental impact assessment (EIA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) play an important role. Another policy instrument, namely, green procurement has started to gain attention in the construction sector. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussions on green procurement are rarely seen during the impact assessment (EIA and SEA) phase. Moreover, the construction process is usually multi-tiered, involving several stakeholders with varied objectives, which often leads to challenges concerning the translation of information produced in the impact assessment phase into action (during the construction phase). Therefore, this thesis aimed at analysing the way through which EIA as well as green procurement can improve the coordination between planning and construction phases. The thesis is based on literature review and interviews. This study envisaged an inter-connected process for EIA and green procurement, and reviewed the state of the art to motivate the postulation of such an inter-connected process. In addition, this study also reviewed recent development within procurement contracts, and focused on partnering in the construction industry. The results indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. Further, the thesis chose renewable energy as a parameter for green procurement, and explored the perspectives of various categories of stakeholders in the Swedish construction on the inter-link between impact assessment and green procurement. The perspectives of the interviewed stakeholders indicate that the inter-link is required. However, the interview results show that there is a tendency in the Swedish construction sector to adopt various commercially available environmental assessment and certification tools. Furthermore, the thesis has mapped directions for future research. Future study should focus on the establishment of mechanisms for inter-connecting impact assessment and green procurement. It should investigate how the inter-link could be facilitated by certification tools being adopted. The future research should also examine how the inter-link can be developed together with concerned stakeholders through partnering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. vi, 22 p.
Series
Trita-LWR. LIC, 2060
Keyword
Environmental impact assessment, green procurement, construction sector, renewable energy
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50064 (URN)978-91-7501-218-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2011-12-21, V3, Teknikringen 72, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Improving the environmental performance of the construction sector through linking environmental impact assessment and green procurement
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note
QC 20111207Available from: 2011-12-07 Created: 2011-12-01 Last updated: 2011-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Uttam, KedarMörtberg, Ulla

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