Superfluid Phase Transitions in Disordered Systems
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis presents results from large scale Monte Carlo simulations of systems subject to a superfluid phase transition in the presence of disorder. The simulations are performed by state-of-the-art, collective Monte Carlo algorithms treating phase degrees of freedom in effective models with amplitude fluctuations integrated out.
In Paper I a model system for the possible solid to supersolid transition in 4He is presented.The Wolff cluster algorithm is used to study how the presence of linearly correlated random defects is able to alter the universality class of the 3-dimensional XY-model. In the pure case the superfluid density and heat capacity have singular onsets, which are not seen in the supersolid experiments where instead a smooth onset is obtained. Using finite size scaling of Monte Carlo data, we find a similar smooth onset in our simulations, governed by exponents ν=1 for the superfluid density and α=-1 for the heat capacity. These results are in qualitative agreement with experiments for the observed transition in solid 4He.
In Paper II a systematic investigation of the scaling result z=d for the dynamic critical exponentat the Bose glass to superfluid quantum phase transition is performed. The result z=d has been believed to be exact for about 20 years, but although it has been questioned lately no accurate estimate of z has been available. An effective link current model of quantum bosons at T=0 with disorder in 2D is simulated using highly effective worm Monte Carlo simulations.The data analysis is based on a finite size scaling approach todetermine the quantum correlation time from simulationdata for boson world lines without any a priori assumption on the critical parameters. The resulting critical exponents are z=1.8 \pm 0.05, ν=1.15 \pm 0.03, and η=-0.3 \pm 0.1. This suggests that z=d is not satisfied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. , 73 p.
TRITA-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2011:58
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50051ISBN: 978-91-7501-199-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-50051DiVA: diva2:461740
2011-12-15, FA 32, AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:18 (English)
Olsson, Peter, Docent
Wallin, Mats Wallin, Prof.Dr.
QC 201112062011-12-062011-12-012015-03-05Bibliographically approved
List of papers