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Analysis of Information Utilization (AIU)
Uppsala Universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2411-6417
Uppsala Universitet.
Uppsala Universitet.
Uppsala Universitet.
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1997 (English)In: International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, ISSN 1044-7318, E-ISSN 1532-7590, Vol. 9, no 3, 255-282 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Analysis of information utilization (AIU) is a method for describing and analyzing how information entities identified in information analysis are being used in the work situation. AIU aims at complementing existing methods for user interface design by identifying additional requirements for human-computer interaction. The method focuses on aspects, of computer-supported work, related to cognitive load, aspects of which end users often not are explicitly aware. For skilled workers in a professional work environment, the efficiency of the user interface is extremely important. We earlier stressed that important criteria for design of user interfaces deals with making the interface "obvious" to the users, by minimizing the cognitive load associated with the handling of it. AIU is performed through observation interviews in which human-computer experts interview representative users about their work situation and observe physical information-handling routines. The analysis identifies work tasks in terms of judgments and decision-making situations, requirements concerning the tasks that may have to be performed simultaneously, important features and priorities of the information, actions the user can initiate and so on. The method supports the interface designer with human-computer interaction requirements structured for a workspace-oriented design. It is integrated in user-centered development model and supports the simultaneous development of competence, organization, work activity, and information technology. This article describes the background and contents of the method and how the results of the analysis are documented and used in the design process. A number of application projects have shown that AIU makes it possible to capture aspects of human work and information processing that are important to the design of better interfaces. AIU is not a new method for system development but complements today methods for task and information analysis with more...

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis Group, 1997. Vol. 9, no 3, 255-282 p.
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50682DOI: 10.1207/s15327590ijhc0903_4OAI: diva2:462417
QC 20111207Available from: 2011-12-07 Created: 2011-12-07 Last updated: 2011-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Gulliksen, Jan
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