Computing the fewest-turn map directions based on the connectivity of natural roads
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Geographical Information Science, ISSN 1365-8816, E-ISSN 1362-3087, Vol. 25, no 7, 1069-1082 p.Article in journal (Refereed) [Artistic work] Published
In this paper, we introduced a novel approach to computing the fewest-turn map directions or routes based on the concept of natural roads. Natural roads are joined road segments that perceptually constitute good continuity. This approach relies on the connectivity of natural roads rather than that of road segments for computing routes or map directions. Because of this, the derived routes posses the fewest turns. However, what we intend to achieve are the routes that not only possess the fewest turns, but are also as short as possible. This kind of map direction is more effective and favorable by people, because they bear less cognitive burden. Furthermore, the computation of the routes is more efficient, since it is based on the graph encoding the connectivity of roads, which is significantly smaller than the graph of road segments. We made experiments applied to eight urban street networks from North America and Europe in order to illustrate the above stated advantages. The experimental results indicate that the fewest-turn routes posses fewer turns and shorter distances than the simplest paths and the routes provided by Google Maps. For example, the fewest-turn-and-shortest routes are on average 15% shorter than the routes suggested by Google Maps, while the number of turns is just half as much. This approach is a key technology behind FromToMap.org - a web mapping service using openstreetmap data.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2011. Vol. 25, no 7, 1069-1082 p.
routing, map directions, human navigation, natural roads, openstreetmap, FromToMap
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-51240DOI: 10.1080/13658816.2010.510799ISI: 000295467600002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79961243742OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-51240DiVA: diva2:463680
QC 201304222013-04-222011-12-102013-04-22Bibliographically approved