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Effects of timing cues in music performances on auditory grouping and pleasantness judgments
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Music Acoustics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2926-6518
2008 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

By means of varying timing, dynamics, pitch, and timbre musicperformers put emphasis on important events of a musical piece andprovide their listeners with acoustic cues that facilitate the perceptualand cognitive analysis of the musical structure. Evidence exists thatthe speed and the accuracy with which stimulus features are beingprocessed contribute to how a stimulus itself is evaluated. In our study,we tested whether expressive timing facilitates auditory grouping andwhether these timing variations influence pleasantness judgments. Tothis aim, participants listened to short atonal melodies containing oneor two auditory groups and performed both a cognitive and anevaluative task. The expressive phrasing patterns of the excerpts weregradually modified ranging from inverted phrasing through deadpanversions to exaggerated timing patterns. Reaction times decreasedand hit rates increased with a more pronounced grouping structureindicating that subtle timing variations alone do facilitate theformation of auditory groups in a musical context. Timing variationsalso modulated the direction of pleasantness ratings. However, theresults suggest that the threshold of an expressive musicalperformance to become more pleasant than its deadpan counterpartpresumably can be exceeded only by the simultaneous covariance ofmore than one acoustic cue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
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Computer Science Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52060OAI: diva2:465354
ICMPC10 (The 10th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition), Sapporo, Japan, August 25-29, 2008
tmh_import_11_12_14. QC 20120110Available from: 2011-12-14 Created: 2011-12-14 Last updated: 2012-01-10Bibliographically approved

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