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Photonic scanning receiver using an electrically tuned fiber Bragg grating
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Laser Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Laser Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Laser Physics.
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2009 (English)In: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 34, no 24, 3794-3796 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A 5-cm-long electrically tuned fiber Bragg grating is used to filter a microwave signal on an optical carrier at 1.55 µm. A chirped distributed-feedback structure is employed, with a transmission bandwidth of 54 MHz and relative optical carrier rejection of >30 dB for rf frequencies >2 GHz. The rapid monotonic sweep of the Bragg wavelength is translated into a fast-frequency sweep for rf analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 34, no 24, 3794-3796 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52431DOI: 10.1364/OL.34.003794ISI: 000272836900011OAI: diva2:466477

QC 20111216

Available from: 2011-12-16 Created: 2011-12-16 Last updated: 2013-02-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Applications of monolithic fiber interferometers and actively controlled fibers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applications of monolithic fiber interferometers and actively controlled fibers
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this thesis was to develop applications of monolithic fiber devices and actively controlled fibers. A special twin-core fiber known as a ‘Gemini’ fiber was used to construct equal arm-length fiber interferometers, impervious to temperature and mechanical perturbations. A broadband add/drop multiplexer was constructed by inscribing fiber Bragg gratings in the arms of a Gemini Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A broadband interferometric nanosecond switch was constructed from a micro-structured Gemini fiber with incorporated metal electrodes. Additionally, a Michelson fiber interferometer was built from an asymmetric twin-core fiber and used as a high-temperature sensor. While the device could be readily used to measure temperatures below 300 °C, an annealing process was required to extend the range up to 700 °C. The work included development, construction and evaluation of the components along with numerical simulations to estimate their behaviors and to understand the underlying processes. The thesis also explored the use of electrically controlled fibers for filtering in the microwave domain. An ultra-narrow phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed in a fiber with internal electrodes was used as a scanning filter to measure modulation frequencies applied to an optical carrier. A similar grating was used inside a dual-wavelength fiber laser cavity, to generated tunable microwave beat frequencies. The studied monolithic fiber interferometers and actively controlled fibers provide excellent building blocks in such varied field as in microwave photonics, telecommunications, sensors, and high-speed switching, and will allow for further applications in the future.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna avhandling var att utveckla tillämpningar av monolitiska fiber komponenter samt aktivt kontrollerbara fiber. En speciell tvillingkärnefiber, även kallad ’Geminifiber’ användes för att konstruera fiber interferometrar med identisk armlängd som ej påverkas av termiska och mekaniska variationer. En bredbanding utbytarmultiplexor konstruerades genom att skriva in fiber Bragg gitter inuti grenarna på en Gemini Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Geminifibrer med interna metallelektroder användes för att konstruera en bredbandig nanosekundsnabb interferometrisk fiberomkopplare. Därtill användes en tvillingkärnefiber som en hög-temperatursensor. Även om komponenten direkt kan användas upp till 300 °C, måste den värmebehandlas för att kunna användas upp till 700 °C. Arbetet har innefattat utveckling, konstruktion och utvärdering av komponenterna parallellt med numeriska simuleringar för att analysera deras beteenden samt få insikt om de underliggande fysikaliska processerna. Avhandlingen behandlar även tillämpningar av en elektriskt styrbar fiber för att filtrera radiofrekvenser. Ett ultrasmalt fasskiftat fiber Bragg gitter skrevs in i en fiber med interna elektroder och användes som ett svepande filter för att mäta modulationsfrekvensen på en optisk bärfrekvens. Ett liknande gitter användes inuti en laserkavitet för att generera två olika våglängder samtidigt. Dessa två våglängder användes sedan för att generera en svävningsfrekvens i mikrovågsbandet. De undersökta monolitiska fiberinterferometrarna och de aktivt styrbara fibrerna erbjuder en utmärkt byggsten inom så pass skiljda områden som Mikrovågsfotonik, Telekommunikation, Sensorer samt Höghastighets-omkopplare och bör kunna användas inom många olika tillämpningar i framtiden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. xiv, 161 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2013:03
Fiber, fiber Bragg grating, micro-structured fiber, add/drop multiplexer, fiber interferometer, microwave photonics, temperature sensor
National Category
Physical Sciences
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-118750 (URN)978-91-7501-658-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-03-21, FA 32, Albanova, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Swedish Research Council

QC 20130226

Available from: 2013-02-26 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2015-03-30Bibliographically approved

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