A Novel Model-Free Data Analysis Technique Based on Clustering in a Mutual Information Space: Application to Resting-State fMRI
2010 (English)In: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5137, Vol. 4, 34:1-34:8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Non-parametric data-driven analysis techniques can be used to study datasets with few assumptions about the data and underlying experiment. Variations of independent component analysis (ICA) have been the methods mostly used on fMRI data, e.g., in finding resting-state networks thought to reflect the connectivity of the brain. Here we present a novel data analysis technique and demonstrate it on resting-state fMRI data. It is a generic method with few underlying assumptions about the data. The results are built from the statistical relations between all input voxels, resulting in a whole-brain analysis on a voxel level. It has good scalability properties and the parallel implementation is capable of handling large datasets and databases. From the mutual information between the activities of the voxels over time, a distance matrix is created for all voxels in the input space. Multidimensional scaling is used to put the voxels in a lower-dimensional space reflecting the dependency relations based on the distance matrix. By performing clustering in this space we can find the strong statistical regularities in the data, which for the resting-state data turns out to be the resting-state networks. The decomposition is performed in the last step of the algorithm and is computationally simple. This opens up for rapid analysis and visualization of the data on different spatial levels, as well as automatically finding a suitable number of decomposition components.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 4, 34:1-34:8 p.
Clustering, Data analysis, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Mutual information, Parallel algorithm, Resting-state
Bioinformatics (Computational Biology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52478DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2010.00034ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79957813632OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-52478DiVA: diva2:467055
QC 201112212011-12-212011-12-182013-05-15Bibliographically approved