Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Sustainable building renovation and refurbishment with applications of Vacuum Insulation Panels
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0615-4505
2011 (English)In: SB11 World Sustainable Building Conference: Proceedings Vol. 2, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A large part of the available energy in the European Union is used for space heating of houses. This utilized energy presents an economical challenge as well as an environmental problem that ultimately must be dealt with by reducing the thermal losses through the climatic envelope. This reduction however, is intricate due to the spatial constraints in designated living areas and complexities arising from retrofitting of historical and cultural façades of the existing building stock. In light of the aforementioned problems, Vacuum Insulation Panels (VIP) may provide attractive solutions as they employ a thickness about one tenth of the required thickness, when using conventional insulation materials. This study contains a comparative analysis of VIP and traditional insulation materials and several other means of retrofitting in terms of life cycle energy and costs. Particular attention is given to the comparison of exterior and interior applications of VIP and the effects on the thermal bridges at the joints between the external wall and the adjacent floor slabs and balconies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52605OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-52605DiVA: diva2:467192
Conference
SB11 World Sustainable Building Conference
Note

QC 20120102

Available from: 2011-12-19 Created: 2011-12-19 Last updated: 2016-06-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Promotion of sustainable renovation in the built environment: An early stage techno-economic approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promotion of sustainable renovation in the built environment: An early stage techno-economic approach
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

According to the Swedish Government's set targets for energy use and environmental quality imposed by the European Union, the total energy per heated unit area in residential and commercial buildings will have to be decreased by 20% in 2020 and 50% by 2050 in relation to the annual consumption of 1995. The building sector should additionally be completely independent of fossil fuels for energy usage, with the increasing sector of renewable energy continuously growing until 2020. In its current state, the number of multistory buildings and single-family houses in Sweden exceeds 4 000 000 units. In order to attain the set goals, renovation of the existing housing stock is a necessity given its current relatively slow turnover. As a result of the Swedish Million Unit Program undertaken during 1965−1974, about 750 000 apartments are currently in need of renovation in order to meet today's building standards. Simultaneously, new buildings are built with energy efficiency in mind. In this study an early stage methodology is developed for building refurbishment that takes advantage of a multi-faceted approach. The methodology comprises of multiple dimensions related to a techno-economic, environmental and building occupancy approach. The work presented herein includes a thorough literature review of decision making tools within the built environment and identifies major research efforts in sustainable refurbishment. The technical aspect of this study deals with the proper identification of high-efficient insulation materials that would serve one of the set purposes of energy efficiency when utilized within building envelopes. Further, results are shown for case studies, in which economic investments in Vacuum Insulation Panels (VIPs) and a coupled heat and moisture transport for predefined configurations of VIPs with supplementary insulation of balcony slabs and wall cross-sections are considered. The developed methodology also examines simulations of the total energy consumption utilizing a set of different insulation materials such as mineral wool and VIPs, for a number of locations in Northern and Southern Europe. The research findings of this study identify several aspects of a new developed tool for decision making, to be used in sustainable renovation and refurbishment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. vii, 45 p.
Series
Meddelande. Institutionen för byggvetenskap, ISSN 1651-5536 ; 206
Keyword
Refurbishment, retrofitting, renovation, energy consumption, Vacuum Insulation Panels, ACES
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102475 (URN)978-91-7501-438-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2012-09-24, M108 Stora konferensrummet, Brinellvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 12:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20120918

Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-09-17 Last updated: 2012-09-18Bibliographically approved
2. An Approach Towards Sustainable Building
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Approach Towards Sustainable Building
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The motivation for development of energy efficiency and implementation of novel advanced materials applied in buildings can be traced to increasing energy costs in conjunction with an enhanced environmental awareness among people. This doctoral dissertation presents contributions towards sustainable building, where factors such as building technology, energy efficiency in buildings, workers' health issues during construction measures, and certain economic considerations for renovation of buildings have been considered. The research study aims to provide a knowledge base for motivating building owners to renovate buildings based on energy efficiency and improved indoor environment. The initial phase of the research study identifies a detailed description of common drivers, expected in renovation projects by building owners. In the second phase, an information base is identified which may facilitate the bidding processes for decision makers by means of technological, social and economic aspects. The aforementioned information base can also contribute to attentive decisions regarding sustainable renovation and energy saving measures. A strategy was developed within the Renovation Workshop of Riksbyggen, in order to promote energy saving measures concurrent with major renovations in residential buildings. This operational decision support process was applied in a tenant owners' cooperative in Sweden. The objective of this process was to showcase and more importantly to implement energy saving measures, based on knowledge transfer between different parties involved in the renovation project. For the conducted case study, this process was shown to be of great importance when decisions regarding energy saving measures in conjunction with scheduled renovations are being planned. A unique case study was conducted on two of the most commonly used environmental certification programs for buildings in Sweden; Environmental Building (Miljöbyggnad) and GreenBuilding. Following a granted access to a limited database of submitted applications to Sweden Green Building Council, the most common mistakes in these were identified and categorized. This study contributed to further understanding about the level of ability among building consultants, comprehension of environmental certification, and enhancement of the ability to produce high-quality calculations concerning building-related energy usage. In addition, this insight can provide a basis for planning of continuing education of consultants within the field of building technology. For a church building, a study was conducted subsequent to an exchange of an existing electric coil heating system to a hydronic ground source heat pump system. Analyses of the energy demand and energy signature, prior to and after installation were carried out. The replacement of the original heating system with a ground source heat pump system for the church building constitutes a reduced energy consumption level of approximately 66%, at the average outside temperature of -2.30 °C. This study demonstrated that data from a detailed electric bill can be utilized in order to obtain the energy signature of the building and henceforth assess the energy savings. One aspect of the research, examined the decision making process related to sustainable renovation and refurbishment in buildings. The utilized methodology identified three distinct phases in order to instigate an engagement in sustainable renovation, by means of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. In particular, the attitudes of stakeholders in Sweden, Denmark and Cyprus to sustainable building were studied through three separate case studies. Within the framework of this study, it was identified that building physics and durability are among the most important drivers for energy renovation. The results provided an insight into the renovation process in the aforementioned countries and identified that drivers such as improvement of indoor air quality and elimination of moisture in the building envelope are also of crucial importance. Another aspect of the conducted research highlights workplace accidents occurring within the Swedish construction sector. The purpose of this study was to serve as a useful tool to track the working environments of construction workers in order to reduce health and safety issues within the construction sector. The findings of this research suggest that despite laws, regulations or additional factors that seek to ensure a safe and healthy environment for construction workers, the Swedish construction work force still faces challenges. Moreover, it is identified that construction workers participating in the study call for additional measures to ensure occupational health and safety. Improved knowledge of economic performance and technical results of renovations can contribute to a snowball effect, with more property owners recognizing the value of energy aspects and thus provide an increased level of energy savings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. xii, 128 p.
Series
TRITA-BYTE, 2014:01
Keyword
Sustainability, Built environment, Sustainable renovation, High-efficient insulation materials, Sweden Green Building Council, Vacuum Insulation Panels (VIP), Decision making, GreenBuilding, Early stage, Stakeholders, A Concept for promotion of sustainable retrofitting and renovation in Early Stages (ACES), Early Stage Primary Energy Estimation Tool (ESPEET)
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140565 (URN)978-91-7501-921-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-02-12, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
A Concept for promotion of sustainable retrofitting and renovation in Early Stages (ACES)
Funder
Formas
Note

QC 20140127

Available from: 2014-01-27 Created: 2014-01-25 Last updated: 2014-01-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Gudmundsson, Kjartan

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Gohardani, NavidGudmundsson, Kjartan
By organisation
Building Technology
Civil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 134 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf