Thermal Conductivity and Combustion Properties of Wheat Gluten Foams
2012 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, Vol. 4, no 3, 1629-1635 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Freeze-dried wheat gluten foams were evaluated with respect to their thermal and fire-retardant properties, which are important for insulation applications. The thermal properties were assessed by differential scanning calorimetry, the laser flash method and a hot plate method. The unplasticised foam showed a similar specific heat capacity, a lower thermal diffusivity and a slightly higher thermal conductivity than conventional rigid polystyrene and polyurethane insulation foams. Interestingly, the thermal conductivity was similar to that of closed cell polyethylene and glass-wool insulation materials. Cone calorimetry showed that, compared to a polyurethane foam, both unplasticised and glycerol-plasticised foams had a significantly longer time to ignition, a lower effective heat of combustion and a higher char content. Overall, the unplasticised foam showed better fire-proof properties than the plasticized foam. The UL 94 test revealed that the unplasticised foam did not drip (form droplets of low viscous material) and, although the burning times varied, self-extinguished after flame removal. To conclude both the insulation and fire-retardant properties were very promising for the wheat gluten foam.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 4, no 3, 1629-1635 p.
combustion, foam, freeze-drying; glycerol, thermal conductivity, wheat gluten
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52889DOI: 10.1021/am2017877ISI: 000301968400066PubMedID: 22332837ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84859149208OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-52889DiVA: diva2:468119
QC 20120420. Updated from manuscript to article in journal2011-12-202011-12-202012-05-04Bibliographically approved