Complexation- and ligand-induced metal release from 316L particles: importance of particle size and crystallographic structure
2011 (English)In: Biometals, ISSN 0966-0844, E-ISSN 1572-8773, Vol. 24, no 6, 1099-1114 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Iron, chromium, nickel, and manganese released from gas-atomized AISI 316L stainless steel powders (sized < 45 and < 4 mu m) were investigated in artificial lysosomal fluid (ALF, pH 4.5) and in solutions of its individual inorganic and organic components to determine its most aggressive component, elucidate synergistic effects, and assess release mechanisms, in dependence of surface changes using atomic absorption spectroscopy, Raman, XPS, and voltammetry. Complexation is the main reason for metal release from 316L particles immersed in ALF. Iron was mainly released, while manganese was preferentially released as a consequence of the reduction of manganese oxide on the surface. These processes resulted in highly complexing media in a partial oxidation of trivalent chromium to hexavalent chromium on the surface. The extent of metal release was partially controlled by surface properties (e.g., availability of elements on the surface and structure of the outermost surface) and partially by the complexation capacity of the different metals with the complexing agents of the different media. In general, compared to the coarse powder (< 45 mu m), the fine (< 4 mu m) powder displayed significantly higher released amounts of metals per surface area, increased with increased solution complexation capacity, while less amounts of metals were released into non-complexing solutions. Due to the ferritic structure of lower solubility for nickel of the fine powder, more nickel was released into all solutions compared with the coarser powder.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 24, no 6, 1099-1114 p.
Stainless steel, Powder, Complexation, Metal release, Dissolution, Inhalation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52543DOI: 10.1007/s10534-011-9469-7ISI: 000297117100012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-83555165202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-52543DiVA: diva2:468205
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201112202011-12-202011-12-192012-11-26Bibliographically approved