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Detailed reduced models excitatory hemi-cord locomotor network lamprey
KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. (Lansner)
KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0550-0739
Karolinska institutet, Neuroscience. (Grillner)
Karolinska institutet, Neuroscience. (Grillner)
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2003 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Rhythmic locomotor-related activity can be induced in the isolated hemi-spinal cord of lamprey during bath application of D-glutamate or NMDA (Cangiano and Grillner, 2003). This bursting activity is not dependent on glycinergic inhibition but relies on mutual glutamatergic excitation among network interneurons. The possibility of such oscillatory activity was suggested by earlier simulations (Hellgren-Kotaleski et al. 1999). Here the underlying mechanisms are further examined using both detailed and reduced mathematical models. The detailed network model comprises a population of compartmental excitatory interneurones with Na+, K+, Ca2+, KCa channels as well as two Ca-pools. The synaptic interactions are mediated by AMPA receptors and voltage-dependent NMDA receptors, as established experimentally. This model reproduces the main experimental observations on both cell and network level, including the slow (NMDA/Mg2+ dependent) and the fast rhythm. Burst frequency can be modulated by changing the AMPA and/or NMDA drive, the latter providing only a narrow dynamic range. Further, the distributed network of the entire hemi-cord has been simulated. A weakly asymmetric rostro-caudal connectivity (stronger descending) could support a uniform intersegmental phase lag along most of the spinal cord, whereas a symmetric connectivity could not. The intersegmental phase lag is effectively controlled (forward and backward direction) by adding excitation or inhibition to the most rostral segments. The detailed model was progressively reduced until only the most important (slow) currents remained. The dynamics of the reduced model followed that of the detailed model. Ca influx and activation of KCa currents was shown to play a key role in the burst generation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. 278.5- p.
Keyword [en]
Compartmental, Glycinergic, Interneurone, Intersegmental, Rostro, Ampa Andor, Excitatory, Andor Nmda
National Category
Bioinformatics (Computational Biology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-52924OAI: diva2:468264
Society for Neuroscience's Meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA, November 8-12, 2003 [k-sfn03]
QC 20111221Available from: 2011-12-20 Created: 2011-12-20 Last updated: 2011-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Kozlov, AlexanderHellgren Kotaleski, JeanetteLansner, Anders
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