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3D Property - Types of Rights and Management Factors
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7886-5926
2008 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The use of 3D property rights has become a common feature internationally and has existedfor many years. This paper presents a classification of the primary forms of 3D property rightsexamined into specific types, where the two main forms are the independent 3D property andthe condominium. Condominium means ownership of single apartments, while theindependent 3D properties are larger units, or units not delimited by a specific building. The development from 2D property rights towards 3D property rights is also presented withparticular focus on Sweden. Different 3D property rights models are exemplified by theindependent 3D property model in Sweden, the condominium ownership model in Germany,and a combination of the independent 3D property form and the condominium form asevidenced by the legal systems of two Australian states, New South Wales and Victoria. A number of key factors related to 3D property rights that seem to be common for most formsand systems are presented. These include the delimitation of property units, the content of thedefinition of common property, the forms of cooperation between property units, managementand regulation issues, as well as the settlement of disputes and insurance solutions. Due to problems related to these factors and development in the society, more or lesssubstantial amendments to the legislation have been required in the studied countries, withshortcomings still remaining after many years of use. Since the key factors seem to becommon for most forms of 3D property rights, it would be of benefit for countries planningon introducing such a system to utilize the experiences of other countries with similar systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
3D property, property rights, condominium, apartment ownership, flat ownership, strata title, stratum, management
National Category
Law and Society
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-53227OAI: diva2:469410
Integrating Generations, FIG Working Week, Stockholm, Sweden, 14-19 June, 2008
QC 20120104Available from: 2011-12-23 Created: 2011-12-23 Last updated: 2012-01-04Bibliographically approved

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Paulsson, Jenny
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