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Thermal radiation modeling in numerical simulation of melt-coolant interaction
Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Krasnokazarmennaya 17A, 111116, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Electrogorsk Research and Engineering Center on NPP Safety, Saint Constantine 6, 142530, Electrogorsk, Moscow region, Russian Federation.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0683-9136
2009 (English)In: Computational Thermal Sciences, ISSN 1940-2503, Vol. 1, no 1, 1-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper is concerned with radiation heat transfer modeling in multiphase disperse systems, which are formed in high-temperaturemelt-coolant interactions. This problem is important for complex interaction of the core melt with water in the case of a hypothetical severe accident in light-water nuclear reactors. The nonlocal effects of thermal radiation due to the semitransparency of water in the visible and near-infrared spectral ranges are taken into account by use of the recently developed large-cell radiation model (LCRM) based on the spectralradiation energy balance for single computational cells. In contrast to the local approach for radiative heating of water by particles (OMMopaque medium model), the LCRM includes radiative heat transfer between the particles of different temperatures. The regular integrated code VAPEX-P, intended to model the premixing stage of FCI, was employed for verification of the LCRM in a realistic range of the problem parameters. A comparison with the OMM and the more accurate P1 approximation showed that the LCRM can be recommended for the engineering problem under consideration. The effects of the temperature difference in solidifying particles are analyzed by use of the recently suggested approximation of transient temperature profile in the particles. It is shown that the effect of the temperature difference on heat transfer from corium particles to ambient water is considerable and should not be ignored in the calculations. An advanced computational model based on the LCRM for theradiation source function and subsequent integration of radiative transfer equation along the rays is also discussed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 1, no 1, 1-35 p.
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-53467DOI: 10.1615/ComputThermalScien.v1.i1.10ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77952841376OAI: diva2:470113
QC 20111228Available from: 2011-12-28 Created: 2011-12-28 Last updated: 2011-12-28Bibliographically approved

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