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Light Water Reactor (LWR) safety: a historical review
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
2007 (English)In: 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH-12, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, a historical review of the developments in the safety of LWR power plants is presented. The paper reviews the developments prior to the TMI-2 accident, i.e. the concept of defense in depth, the design basis, the large LOCA technical controversies and the LWR safety research programs. The TMI-2 accident, which became a turning point in the history of the development of nuclear power is described briefly. The Chernobyl accident, which terrified the world and almost completely curtailed the development of nuclear power is also described briefly. The great international effort of research in the LWR design-base and severe accidents, which was, respectively, conducted prior to and following the TMI-2 and Chernobyl accidents, is described next. We conclude that with the knowledge gained and the training of the staff at the presently-installed nuclear power stations, the LWR plants have achieved much greater levels of safety and performance. The Generation III+ LWR power plants, currently being installed, may claim to have reached the goal of assuring the safety of the public to a very large extent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007.
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-53580Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-44349143468ISBN: 0-89448-058-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-53580DiVA: diva2:470377
Conference
12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH-12. Pittsburgh, PA. 30 September 2007 - 4 October 2007
Note
QC 20120103Available from: 2011-12-28 Created: 2011-12-28 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved

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